Description and Size: The Freshwater Drum is a deep bodied, silver colored fish whose head and body slope steeply up from their nose to the dorsal fin, resulting in a hump-backed appearance. The skeletal features of the Drum are unique, with a heavily reinforced skull and large ear bones. They are also characterized by a long dorsal fin divided into two sections. The dorsal fin usually has 10 spines and 29-32 rays.
Habitat in Kanssa: Freshwater Drum are found in many rivers and reservoirs in Kansas, as well as some isolated creeks and small channels. They prefer large pools when moving water is present and stay close to the bottom of whatever water they inhabit.
Food: Mollusks, crayfish, fish, and aquatic insects
Reproduction: Freshwater Drum usually spawn in April or May, and occurs in the open water. Fertilized eggs are abandoned and float on the water surface and hatch within 24 hours.
General: The Freshwater Drum produces a drumming sound during the summer breeding season by using muscles attached to the air bladder. This “booming” sound is what contributed to the Freshwater Drum’s unique name.
The Drum is widely considered a commercial fish in other areas of the United States, especially in the Mississippi River, but have yet to gain much popularity in Kansas sport fishing.