Description and Size: Color is dark-blue to blue-green on sides. Silver belly. White- brownish edges to scales lend the fish a tan colored appearance. Body sides are covered with large, loose scales. Body deep in proportion to its length sharp keel on belly. Dorsal fin of 9 or 10 rays. The head is small and short and bluntly rounded. Eye large and iris is yellow. Mouth has many small teeth on jaws and tongue. The largest Goldeye caught in Kansas was taken at Melvern reservoir by Mike Augustine. That fish weighed 2.25 lbs and had a length of 17.75 inches.
Habitat in Kansas: The Goldeye is native to Kansas’s large rivers. It can often be caught below reservoir damns during periods of high water.
Food: Mainly surface feeders in shallow water, consuming insects, snails and other fish.
Reproduction: Goldeyes move up rivers, sometimes for many miles, to
spawn in flowing water over rocky or gravel bottoms. Spawning usually begins when the water temperature reaches 50° F. In larger rivers, the spawning areas are located in shallow, murky pools and backwaters.
General: The Goldeye has been an important commercial species in Canada for over 150 years. It is a fun fish to catch on hook and line, but few anglers fish for it. The Goldeye has greatly been reduced in population due to deterioration of water quality throughout it’s range.